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Varicose Veins

Category Varicose Veins

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are enlarged and swollen veins that are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. These blue-purple veins usually appear on the legs and feet, but can also develop on the hands and face. Varicose veins are caused by malfunctioning valves that restrict the return of oxygen-poor blood to the heart. This leads to excessive pooling of blood and increased pressure on the affected area.

Risk Factors

According to the reports of several medical studies, it has been cited that women are more likely to develop varicose veins than men. The risk of developing varicose veins also increases with age.

People with a family history of Venusian disorders or who are obese and lead a sedentary lifestyle are at relatively high risk. Other risk factors for varicose veins include pregnancy, smoking, hormone therapy, and any history of blood clots.

It has also been found that people whose jobs require them to sit or stand for long periods of time are more likely to develop varicose veins at a very young age.


In some cases, varicose veins cause no symptoms. For most people, varicose veins are accompanied by pain and significant swelling in the affected area. Patients also experience itching and a stinging sensation along with a feeling of heaviness.

Skin discoloration is another common sign of varicose veins. Patients also complain of immense pain after long periods of sitting or standing. RLS is also commonly reported in patients with varicose veins.

Delay or lack of treatment is known to exacerbate symptoms and lead to the development of sluggish leg ulcers and chronic venous insufficiency. In some extreme cases, blood clots are likely to develop in the deep veins. This condition is called deep vein thrombosis. Treatment is essential to prevent other life-threatening conditions.


The vascular expert begins the medical examination with a physical examination. He will look for swollen or enlarged veins in the affected area. The doctor will also ask you to describe any pain, discomfort, and other symptoms you may be experiencing.

Because varicose veins are known to be a genetic condition, your doctor will likely ask you about your family medical history and previous occurrences of a blood clot. Always provide the correct medical details to your vascular specialist.

In most cases, your doctor will order a color Doppler exam, similar to an X-ray. This helps the doctor take a close look at the faulty valves and check for blood clots.

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